Reason, Occurrence and Treatment of Dandruff

Anyone who has dandruff knows how much can be uncomfortable when he wear dark clothing.

Fortunately, there are effective ways to treat dandruff.

What is dandruff?

Dandruff is a form of seborrheic dermatitis. Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a common type of dermatoses that usually occupy parts of the body where there are plenty of sebaceous glands, such as the scalp, face, chest and in the folds of the body.

Sebaceous glands secrete sebum (fat) like wax substance which serves to lubricate the hair and skin. In mild forms of seborrheic dermatitis, the crown of the head is exposed and it is called dandruff (pityriasis sicca), which manifests the characteristic white scales.

Dandruff can occur in childhood and has a gradual onset. Seborrhoeic dermatitis and dandruff can be withdrawn in childhood and adolescence, but can also continue throughout adulthood.

This condition occurs in 2-5 percent of the population and is more common in men. Some people complain that the state of dandruff is worse in autumn, winter and dry environment. Sun has a different impact. Some people believe that the sun improves their condition, while others that lead to deterioration.

In addition to the scalp, dandruff can expose on eyebrows and eyelashes.

What is the reason for the occurrence of dandruff?

Some experts suggest that dandruff or in a broader sense, seborrhoeic dermatitis is a result of genetic predisposition “seborrheic conditions.” These seborrheic conditions may also be associated with “pre-psoriatic conditions”. In fact many of the people who have dandruff, have psoriasis on the body. The simultaneous presence of seborrhea and psoriasis is so common that some call it “seboriasis.” In addition to genetics and development of seborrhea and psoriasis, a major role can play fungus “M. Furfur “.

Seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff, normally are present when:

  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Conditions of reduced immunity, such as HIV, AIDS or heart transplants
  • Lack of zinc, pyridoxine, and niacin

How to treat dandruff?

To hold dandruff under control, it is required constant and persistent treatment. There are several types of shampoos that are quite effective. If a shampoo does not work, you can try something else. Here are four types of shampoos commonly used to treat dandruff which are easily accessible.

  • Shampoos based on zinc pyrithione. Containing antibacterial and antifungal ingredients (zinc pyrithione).
  • Shampoos based on selenium sulfide. You can prevent changes in cells and help control the fungus.
  • Shampoos with ketoconazole. They have broad antifungal spectrum. Why fungicidal drugs can be effective is because, as mentioned above, the cause of dandruff can be a fungus.
  • Shampoos based on tar – coal. Reduce the creation of dandruff.

In the more persistent cases of seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff can be used retinol acid orally, which is very effective. Retinol or a retinol acid is a derivative of vitamin A and is commonly used to treat acne. Because retinol acid is harmful to the fetus, pregnant women should not use it.

In addition to the appropriate shampoo, several other measures can help to control dandruff, including nutrition, stress reduction, and less use of resources for shaping the hair.

Consistent adherence to this routine to control dandruff will allow your hair and scalp look healthy without the annoying presence of dandruff.