Let’s look at our conjunctivitis in dogs, its symptoms and types.
Conjunctivitis is one of the most common problems that a dog may encounter. We are talking about an inflammation of the conjunctival membrane that covers the back of the eyelid and the surface of the eyeball. This can happen in one or both eyes. Conjunctivitis is accompanied by an ocular redness with secretions.
The dog does not usually feel pain. However, care should be taken if the dog has a tendency to close his eye or even open it halfway, as this may be a symptom of uveitis or glaucoma. As a result of this problem, there may also be an intolerance to sunlight that causes visual difficulty.
Secretions may be similar to mucus (defined in this case as mucoid) or similar to pus (purulent). The most common cause of this condition is inadequate tear volume.
There are three main types of conjunctivitis in dogs:
Serous conjunctivitis: in this case, the membranes have a pinkish appearance and appear slightly swollen. It presents clear and watery eye secretions. This type of conjunctivitis is caused by irritants such as cold, wind, dust. This type of allergic conjunctivitis is often accompanied by itching, which allows us to see the dog scratching his muzzle.
Purulent conjunctivitis: it is a serous conjunctivitis that is infected. It is usually caused by bacteria. It comes with a red conjunctiva and swollen. Secretions contain mucus and pus.
Follicular conjunctivitis. In this case, the mucous glands on the lower part of the membrane respond to an irritant or ocular infection forming a rough surface that irritates the eyes by producing mucoid secretion.
Conjunctivitis in dogs: the best remedies and treatments
Whatever the type of conjunctivitis, it should always be treated to avoid much more serious consequences that can affect the sight of our furry friend. Serous conjunctivitis can be treated safely by washing the eyes 3-4 times daily with eye drops containing saline or with artificial tears.
Follicular conjunctivitis can be treated with eye creams with antibiotics or corticosteroids prescribed by the veterinarian. Purulent conjunctivitis requires, on the contrary, examination and specific veterinary care. It is essential to keep your eyes as clean as possible by eliminating mucus and pus. To do this, you can use a little cotton soaked with sterile eye drops. Obviously, this must be combined with the care prescribed by the veterinarian.
In cases where our dog suffers from this annoying problem, it becomes important that he does not reach the eyes that scratch and do not deteriorate the situation. In these cases, depending on the type of conjunctivitis, it may be helpful to equip yourself with an Elizabethan collar. It is certainly annoying for our pets, but very useful to prevent them from making the situation worse.
Conjunctivitis in dogs: what to do when it strikes puppies
Sometimes conjunctivitis can also affect puppies, even when the eyes of young people are not yet open. An infection that affects the back of the eyelids may actually occur before or after the opening of the eyelids (usually between the 10th and the 14th day).
This form of conjunctivitis in dogs is caused by a bacterium that can enter the posterior space of the eyelids immediately after birth. The presence of neonatal conjunctivitis should be suspected when the eyelids appear swollen or characterized by prominences.
In these cases, it is necessary to inform the veterinarian immediately because a delay in treatment can cause lesions of the cornea, or even blindness.
Concerning the eye care of our pet, you might also like:
- Red eyes in dogs: causes, symptoms, cures and natural remedies
– The dog’s eyes cry: causes, symptoms and care
– Ulcer in the dog’s eye: what is it, symptoms, surgery and therapy
– Progressive Retinal Atrophy in Dogs: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment